This Summer’s featured ingredient is Pineapple.
Pineapples grow on the short stocky stems of 3 to 5 foot tall leafy plants.
Fertilized purple pineapple flowers become berries. These berries grow together to become a pineapple. Each pineapple is composed of two interlocking helices of fused berries, forming Fibonacci numeric spirals. 1
Pineapple plants are indigenous to the tropics of South America. It is said to have originated from the area between southern Brazil and Paraguay. From there, pineapple plants spread to tropical areas all over the globe. Pineapple plants began being grown in hothouses called “pineries” on European aristocrat estates. George Washington grew pineapples in his Mount Vernon hothouse. Due to the labor and cost of growing pineapples in temperate climates in pineries, pineapples became a symbol of wealth.
The word “pineapple” was first recorded in 1398. It was first used to describe the pine cones of coniferous trees. When European explorers first encountered this tropical fruit, they called them pineapples due to their resemblance to pine cones. 2
Pineapples are eaten fresh, cooked, juiced, dried and preserved in a wide array of cuisines.
Pineapple is in the Bromeliaceae family. Raw pineapple contains the enzyme bromelain, which helps break down proteins. For this reason, raw pineapple juice is a popular ingredient in marinades for tenderizing meat and fish. Cooking and canning deactivates bromelain, allowing pineapple to be used in gelatin-based desserts. Bromelain breaks down the gelatin, preventing the thickening and setting of the dessert. 3
Pineapple leaves are used to produce textiles. In the Philippines, pineapple fiber is woven into fabric for formal wear. The fiber is also used for wallpaper and other furnishings.
The pineapple has become associated with the return of ships from long voyages in the Caribbean, Europe, and North America. It has come to symbolize welcome and hospitality. 4
Pineapple is a source of manganese, vitamin C, fiber and bromelain. 5
Listen to pineapple music while making a bouquet:
Watch a video about pineapples:
Grow your very own pineapple:
This Summer’s Recipe is for a Pineapple Fruit Bouquet. Fresh fruit bouquets are a delicious way to share summer fruits. Skewered fruit “flowers” can be arranged in bouquets as gifts, or brought on a platter to picnics and potlucks.
Dip flowers in melted coconut butter that has been colored with a drop of food coloring for an especially decadent bouquet.
Flowers can be enjoyed fresh, grilled, or frozen for a chilled treat on a hot sunny day.
Dip flowers into nut butters or plant-yogurt for a more substantial snack.
Safety Recommendation: Parents provide preparation of fruit requiring a knife. Children can then use cookie cutters to cut fruit into shapes and skewer into flowers under parent supervision. Educate children regarding skewer risks and safety. Removing fruit from skewer before placing fruit in mouth is advised. For younger children, parents may wish to eliminate skewers, instead having children arrange fruit flowers on a platter.
PINEAPPLE FRUIT BOUQUET
Preparation Time: 1 hour
Yield: ~10 fruit “flowers”
variety of colorful, thick, firm fruits such as melon, strawberries, nectarines, peaches, mangos, kiwis, large blueberries and grapes.
vase, tray, or half melon/pineapple with flat side facing down
1. Peel pineapple, melons and kiwis with knife.
2. Slice peeled pineapple and melons into uniformly thick slices.
3. Cut kiwis into flower shapes or slice into uniformly thick slices.
4. Remove stems and leaves from strawberries.
5. Cut peaches, nectarines and mangoes in half and remove pits.
6. Remove grapes from vine stems.
7. Cut shapes out of thickly sliced fruit with cookie cutters.
8. Skewer fruit to form “flowers.”
9. Arrange flowers in vase or on tray, or insert into half a melon/pineapple with flat side facing down. Enjoy!
2. Julia F. Morton, J. “Pineapple.” Fruits of warm climates, p. 18–28, 1987.
5. USDA Nutrient Database.